Paper: Using the Argumentative Structure of Scientific Literature to Improve Information Access

ACL ID W13-1913
Title Using the Argumentative Structure of Scientific Literature to Improve Information Access
Venue Workshop on Biomedical Natural Language Processing
Session
Year 2013
Authors

MEDLINE/PubMed contains structured abstracts that can provide argumentative labels. Selection of abstract sentences based on the argumentative label has shown to improve the performance of in- formation retrieval tasks. These abstracts make up less than one quarter of all the abstracts in MEDLINE/PubMed, so it is worthwhile to learn how to automatically label the non-structured ones. We have compared several machine learn- ing algorithms trained on structured ab- stracts to identify argumentative labels. We have performed an intrinsic evalua- tion on predicting argumentative labels for non-structured abstracts and an extrinsic evaluation to predict argumentative labels on abstracts relevant to Gene Reference Into Function (GeneRIF) indexing. Intrinsic evaluation shows that argumen- tative ...