Paper: Natural Reference to Objects in a Visual Domain

ACL ID W10-4210
Title Natural Reference to Objects in a Visual Domain
Venue International Conference on Natural Language Generation
Session Main Conference
Year 2010

This paper discusses the basic structures necessary for the generation of reference to objects in a visual scene. We construct a study designed to elicit naturalistic re- ferring expressions to relatively complex objects, and find aspects of reference that have not been accounted for in work on Referring Expression Generation (REG). This includes reference to object parts, size comparisons without crisp measure- ments, and the use of analogies. By draw- ing on research in cognitive science, neu- rophysiology, and psycholinguistics, we begin developing the input structure and background knowledge necessary for an algorithm capable of generating the kinds of reference we observe.