Paper: Weight Pushing and Binarization for Fixed-Grammar Parsing

ACL ID W09-3815
Title Weight Pushing and Binarization for Fixed-Grammar Parsing
Venue International Conference on Parsing Technologies
Session Main Conference
Year 2009
Authors

We apply the idea of weight pushing (Mohri, 1997) to CKY parsing with fixed context-free grammars. Applied after rule binarization, weight pushing takes the weight from the original grammar rule and pushes it down across its binarized pieces, allowing the parser to make better prun- ing decisions earlier in the parsing pro- cess. This process can be viewed as gen- eralizing weight pushing from transduc- ers to hypergraphs. We examine its ef- fect on parsing efficiency with various bi- narization schemes applied to tree sub- stitution grammars from previous work. We find that weight pushing produces dra- matic improvements in efficiency, espe- cially with small amounts of time and with large grammars.