Paper: A Competition-Based Explanation Of Syntactic Attachment Preferences And Garden Path Phenomena

ACL ID P93-1036
Title A Competition-Based Explanation Of Syntactic Attachment Preferences And Garden Path Phenomena
Venue Annual Meeting of the Association of Computational Linguistics
Session Main Conference
Year 1993
Authors

This paper presents a massively parallel parser that pre- dicts critical attachment behaviors of the human sentence processor, without the use of explicit preference heuristics or revision strategies. The processing of a syntactic am- biguity is modeled as an active, distributed competition among the potential attachments for a phrase. Computa- tionally motivated constraints on the competitive mecha- nism provide a principled and uniform account of a range of human attachment preferences and garden path phe- nolnena. 1 A Competition-Based Parser A model of the human parser must explain, among other factors, the following two aspects of the pro- cessing of a syntactic ambiguity: the initial attach- ment preferences that people exhibit, and their abil- ity or inability to later revise an inc...