Paper: Optimal Reduction of Rule Length in Linear Context-Free Rewriting Systems

ACL ID N09-1061
Title Optimal Reduction of Rule Length in Linear Context-Free Rewriting Systems
Venue Human Language Technologies
Session Main Conference
Year 2009
Authors

Linear Context-free Rewriting Systems (LCFRS) is an expressive grammar formalism with applications in syntax-based machine translation. The parsing complexity of an LCFRS is exponential in both the rank of a production, defined as the number of nonterminals on its right-hand side, and a measure for the discontinuity of a phrase, called fan-out. In this paper, we present an algorithm that transforms an LCFRS into a strongly equivalent form in which all productions have rank at most 2, and has minimal fan-out. Our results generalize previous work on Synchronous Context-Free Grammar, and are particularly relevant for machine translation from or to languages that require syntactic analyses with discontinuous constituents.