Paper: Analysis of Morph-Based Speech Recognition and the Modeling of Out-of-Vocabulary Words Across Languages

ACL ID N07-1048
Title Analysis of Morph-Based Speech Recognition and the Modeling of Out-of-Vocabulary Words Across Languages
Venue Human Language Technologies
Session Main Conference
Year 2007
Authors

We analyze subword-based language models (LMs) in large-vocabulary continuous speech recognition across four “morphologically rich” languages: Finnish, Estonian, Turkish, and Egyptian Colloquial Arabic. By estimating n-gram LMs over sequences of morphs instead of words, better vocabulary coverage and reduced data sparsity is obtained. Standard word LMs suffer from high out-of-vocabulary (OOV) rates, whereas the morph LMs can recognize previously unseen word forms by concatenating morphs. We show that the morph LMs generally outperform the word LMs and that they perform fairly well on OOVs without compromising the accuracy obtained for in-vocabulary words.