Paper: Temporal Reasoning In Natural Language Understanding: The Temporal Structure Of The Narrative

ACL ID E87-1042
Title Temporal Reasoning In Natural Language Understanding: The Temporal Structure Of The Narrative
Venue Annual Meeting of The European Chapter of The Association of Computational Linguistics
Session Main Conference
Year 1987
Authors

This paper proposes a new framework for dis- course analysis, in the spirit of Grosz and Sid- ner (1986), Webber (1987a,b) but differentiated with respect to the type or genre of discourse. It is argued that different genres call for different representations and processing strategies; par- ticularly important is the distinction between subjective, pefformative discourse and objective discourse, of which narrative is a primary ex- ample. This paper concentrates on narratives and introduces the notions of temporal focus (proposed also in Webber (1987b)) and narra- tive move. The processing tasks involved in re- constructing the temporal structure of a narra- tive (Webber's e/e structure) are formulated in terms of these two notions. The remainder of the paper analyzes the durational and asp...