Paper: Centering Similarity Measures to Reduce Hubs

ACL ID D13-1058
Title Centering Similarity Measures to Reduce Hubs
Venue Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing
Session Main Conference
Year 2013
Authors

The performance of nearest neighbor methods is degraded by the presence of hubs, i.e., ob- jects in the dataset that are similar to many other objects. In this paper, we show that the classical method of centering, the transforma- tion that shifts the origin of the space to the data centroid, provides an effective way to re- duce hubs. We show analytically why hubs emerge and why they are suppressed by cen- tering, under a simple probabilistic model of data. To further reduce hubs, we also move the origin more aggressively towards hubs, through weighted centering. Our experimental results show that (weighted) centering is effec- tive for natural language data; it improves the performance of the k-nearest neighbor classi- fiers considerably in word sense disambigua- tion and document classi...